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The Javanese for AP World History

Cate O'Donnell

2 min read

Jan 8

4

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The Javanese are an illustrative example in the Maritime Empires Established topic of Unit 4 of AP World History. Read more about the Javanese below!



Java on a map
659813653/Shutterstock


The Javanese people were the inhabitants of the island of Java in Indonesia. Positioned at the crossroads of various maritime trade routes, Java experienced cultural flourishing, political transformations, and interactions with external powers that left an indelible mark on its history.


The Majapahit Empire, a powerful Hindu-Buddhist kingdom that thrived in the 14th century, influenced Javanese society with its grand architecture, literature, and artistic achievements. The Majapahit legacy continued to shape Javanese culture, leaving an enduring impact on the island’s art, religious practices, and social structures.


The later part of the 15th century saw the emergence of Islamic Sultanates on Java, marking a significant cultural and religious transformation. The Sultanate of Demak, established around 1475, played a key role in spreading Islam across the island. Over time, the Sultanate of Mataram became a dominant power, fostering the synthesis of indigenous traditions with Islamic influences.


Java’s strategic location in the Indian Ocean made it a center for maritime trade. Ports like Surabaya and Gresik became vibrant hubs for the exchange of goods and cultures, connecting Java with China, India, and the Middle East. The Javanese people engaged in the spice trade, contributing to the economic prosperity of the region.


Despite cultural flourishing and economic prosperity, Java experienced internal strife and shifting power dynamics. The decline of the Majapahit Empire, coupled with external pressures, contributed to political fragmentation. The arrival of European powers, particularly the Dutch, in the 17th century introduced new challenges, as Java became a battleground for colonial interests.


Printable Reading Passage on the Javanese



The Javanese FREE Reading Passage



Would you rather watch a video about the technology of the Maritime Empires?







Maritime Empires Established

UNIT 4: TRANS-OCEANIC INTERCONNECTIONS

AP WORLD HISTORY



The Javanese


#APWorldHistory #IndianOcean

Cate O'Donnell

2 min read

Jan 8

4

0

0

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