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A Free Reading Passage on James Hogg, the First Native-Born Texan Governor

Cate O'Donnell

2 min read

Apr 3

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James Stephen Hogg, the first native-born governor of Texas, served from 1891 to 1895 and is remembered for his progressive reforms, including the establishment of the Texas Railroad Commission to regulate monopolies and protect consumers. His tenure emphasized regulatory reform, education, and public health, significantly impacting Texas’s economic and social landscape. Hogg’s legacy as a champion of fairness and public welfare continues to influence Texas governance and policy.



James Hogg
James Hogg/public domain

James Stephen Hogg was a prominent figure in Texas’s political history, serving as the first native-born governor of the state from 1891 to 1895. Born near Rusk, Texas, on March 24, 1851, Hogg’s early life was shaped by the challenges of the post-Civil War South. Despite limited formal education, he rose through the ranks of public service, driven by a deep commitment to justice and the welfare of his fellow Texans.

Before his governorship, Hogg established himself as a forceful advocate for the public as the Attorney General of Texas, where he championed the rights of landowners against the encroachments of railroad monopolies and other large corporations. His tenure was marked by significant legal battles that aimed to regulate the railroads and protect consumers and small businesses from unfair practices.


As Governor, Hogg continued his fight for regulatory reform and consumer protection, most notably through the establishment of the Texas Railroad Commission in 1891. This body was initially created to oversee the operations of railroads within the state, but its scope eventually expanded to include the regulation of the burgeoning oil industry. The commission’s creation marked a significant step in the state’s efforts to curb corporate monopolies and ensure fair business practices, laying the groundwork for future regulatory policies.


Hogg’s governance also emphasized education and public health, advocating for the improvement of public schools and the establishment of the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. His efforts to enhance the state’s education system and public health infrastructure reflected his broader vision for a Texas that offered opportunities and protections for all its citizens.


James Hogg’s legacy is one of progressive leadership and dedication to the principles of fairness and public service. His reforms and policies had a lasting impact on Texas, promoting economic fairness and setting precedents for regulation and consumer protection that would influence state governance for decades to come. After leaving office, Hogg remained an active figure in Texas politics and business until his death on March 3, 1906. His contributions to the state are commemorated by the many monuments and institutions named in his honor, ensuring that his influence on Texas’s development and character is remembered.



Printable Reading Passage on James Hogg

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Free Reading Passage on James Hogg


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REFERENCES

Cotner, Robert. “Hogg, James Stephen.” Texas State Historical Association, 21 Feb. 2021, www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/hogg-james-stephen. Accessed 3 Apr. 2024.


Governor James Hogg of Texas

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Cate O'Donnell

2 min read

Apr 3

5

0

0

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