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The Delhi Sultanate for Unit 1 of AP World History

Cate O'Donnell

2 min read

Dec 15, 2023

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Qutb Minar Complex Built During the Delhi Sultanates
2297084497/Shutterstock

During the period of 1206 and 1526, the Delhi Sultanate was one of the major powers in the world, ruling over much of present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Its development was a major turning point in South Asian history and its legacy lives on in modern India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. This article will provide an overview of the Delhi Sultanate, discussing its rise to power, how it was structured and governed, and the legacy it left on the region.




The Delhi Sultanates

The Delhi Sultanate was a medieval Muslim kingdom that ruled parts of the Indian subcontinent from the 13th to the 16th century. There were five different dynasties within the Delhi Sultanates.


Founding and Early Dynasties: The Delhi Sultanate was established in 1206 AD by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, a general of the Ghurid Empire (in modern Afghanistan). India was a prime target for invasion because it didn’t have a central power structure at the time.


Territorial Expansion: The Delhi Sultanate expanded its territory into northern and central India. At its zenith during the Tughlaq Dynasty, it controlled a vast region from the Deccan plateau to the Himalayas.

Administration: The sultans ruled with a combination of Islamic law (Sharia) and Persian administrative practices. The empire was divided into provinces (iqtas), each governed by a noble (iqtadar) who collected revenue and maintained law and order.


Religious Pluralism: The Delhi Sultanate was characterized by religious diversity, with a predominantly Muslim ruling class but a majority Hindu population. While there were instances of religious conflict, many sultans adopted a policy of religious tolerance and engaged in cultural exchange.


Architectural Achievements: The Delhi Sultanate era witnessed the construction of numerous mosques, forts, and mausoleums, often incorporating Indo-Islamic architectural styles.


Challenges and Fragmentation: The Delhi Sultanate faced challenges from external invasions, such as the Mongol invasions, and internal strife. This led to the eventual fragmentation of the empire into various regional kingdoms.


End of the Delhi Sultanate: The Delhi Sultanate came to an end in 1526 when Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, defeated Ibrahim Lodi at the First Battle of Panipat. The Mughals subsequently established their rule in India.


The Sultanates

Mamluk (Slave) Dynasty 1206 – 1290


Khalji Dynasty 1290 – 1320


Tughlaq Dynasty 1320 – 1414


Sayyid Dynasty 1414 – 1451


Lodi Dynasty 1451 – 1526





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The Delhi Sultanate

#APWorldHistory #India #TheDelhiSultanate

Cate O'Donnell

2 min read

Dec 15, 2023

1

0

0

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