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The Rajput Kingdoms for Unit 1 of AP World History

Cate O'Donnell

2 min read

Dec 21, 2023

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Step back in time to post-Gupta India, where a fascinating chapter unfolds—the era of the Rajput Kingdoms. Following the decline of the mighty Gupta Empire in 550 CE, the northern regions of India witnessed the emergence of smaller Hindu kingdoms, aptly named Rajput Kingdoms. The very term “Rajput” stems from the amalgamation of “raj” meaning king and “put” meaning son, denoting a lineage of rulership passed down from fathers to sons. In this blog post, we’ll navigate the intriguing landscape of these kingdoms, where valor, a strong code of ethics, and military prowess defined an ethos reminiscent of feudal Europe. As we delve into the rise and fall of individual Rajput dynasties, we’ll explore the constant struggles against Islamic powers like the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire. Join us on a journey through forts, palaces, and temples, as we uncover the indomitable spirit of the Rajput Kingdoms that persisted, at times against all odds, until the dawn of India’s independence in 1947.





You can read and watch videos on the Rajput Kingdoms using Google Slides, or you can scroll down to read on the website.



Mural of Rajput Prince at the Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur
Mural of Rajput Prince at the Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur/public domain

The Rajput Kingdoms

After the fall of the Gupta Empire in 550 CE, smaller Hindu kingdoms arose throughout northern India. These were called Rajput Kingdoms because raj means king and put means son. These kingdoms were run by the sons of kings. The rulers of the Rajput Kingdoms claimed to trace their ancestry back to ancient dynasties.


The Rajput Kingdoms were very similar to the kingdoms in feudal Europe. They valued military courage and had a strong code of ethics. A king would control a large amount of land. They would parcel out the land to nobles who would act as warriors for the king and manage the land.


There were several dynasties within the Rajput Kingdoms. Individual kingdoms would rise and fall throughout the years. The kingdoms were constantly fighting off advances by the Delhi Sultanate and, later, the Mughal Empire, both Islamic powerhouses in India. The kingdoms constructed forts to defend their land as well as palaces and temples.


By the 12th century, many of the Rajput Kingdoms had been brought under the control of the Mughal Empire. Some kingdoms even persisted until India’s independence in 1947.




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Rajput Kingdoms for AP World History

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Cate O'Donnell

2 min read

Dec 21, 2023

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0

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