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Our Second Grade Phonics Scope and Sequence

Cate O'Donnell

3 min read

Sep 13, 2022




Knowing what to teach and when to teach it is one of the most basic parts of planning your phonics instruction. Unfortunately, many programs have a scope and sequence that doesn’t make sense. Topics jump around with little thought to what students already know and what they don’t know yet. Another big difference between other phonics scope and sequences and ours is that we have review built into our structure.

It takes kids between four and six weeks to learn a new phonics pattern. Most programs teach one pattern a week. That scope and sequence is setting your students up for failure. They don’t have enough time to process and automatize what they are learning. Our program builds in a daily review of previous patterns. So, students are actively working with closed syllables while they are learning about open syllables. They will review closed syllables for six weeks after we teach them.

It is also easier to build this review into second-grade phonics because we work with multisyllabic words. Students have to work with different syllable types to read and write these words.

We built our second-grade phonics scope and sequence by thinking about which lessons would get kids reading the most words the fastest. Here is what we came up with:

Week 1: closed syllables

Week 2: -ck, floss rule

Week 3: cat/kite rule

Week 4: open syllables

Week 5: vce syllables, sounds of s

Week 6: consonant + le with open and closed syllables

Week 7: y as a vowel

Week 8: soft and hard c

Week 9: soft and hard g

Week 10: review

Week 11: long a spelled ai and ay

Week 12: Long e spelled ee and ea

Week 13: ou/ow

Week 14: compound words

Week 15: ar, er, or

Week 16: review

Week 17: ie, high

Week 18: review

Week 19: oa, oe, ow

Week 20: oi, oy

Week 21: oo, ue, ui, ew

Week 22: review

Week 23: review

Week 24: ur, ore

Week 25: ch, tch

Week 26: ir, oar

Week 27: review

Week 28: oo, ew

Week 29: r-controlled + consonant le

Week 30: aw, au

Week 31: long oo, short oo

Week 32: final stable syllables: tion and sion

Week 33: long ea, short ea

Week 34: when the letter a makes the short /o/ sound

Week 35: kn, gn, mb

Week 36: review

You may be wondering what all of this review will look like. There are two ways we review. First, at the beginning of every lesson, teachers show picture cards, and students sound them out and spell the word. The picture cards will be from all of the review patterns as well as the current pattern. Second, all of our units come with printable picture cards. We use these in stations where students can use them to play games or quiz each other. Keep out the review patterns so that students can work with them for the whole six weeks.

You, of course, are welcome to alter this scope and sequence to fit your students’ needs. No scope and sequence is perfect. In our experience, it is far easier to have a starting place and adjust from there instead of staring at a blank piece of paper. Good luck with all of your planning! Please reach out with any questions, comments, or ideas. We are always ready to learn from other teachers!

Second Grade Weekly Phonics Review Routine

#phonics #scopeandsequence #secondgrade

Cate O'Donnell

3 min read

Sep 13, 2022




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